Buzz pollination works extremely well for blossoms for indoor growing.
After all, there are no bees, bugs or insects inside a greenhouse (hopefully) to aid in pollination.
And it’s also important to install small fans to move the air to help move for several hours during daylight hours, inside the greenhouse, to improve pollination.
Just another of life’s little mysteries solved by PFAS LLC.
U.S. FOREST SERVICE
Bees are the champion pollinators!
In the United States, there are over 4,000 species of native bees. Familiar bees visiting garden flowers are the colorful, fuzzy, yellow-and-black striped bumblebees, metallic-green sweat bees, squash bees, and imported honeybee. These flower-seeking pollen magnets purposefully visit flowers to collect pollen and nectar for food for themselves and their young.
All bees have very high-energy needs that must be met for their survival. Bees need key resources such as pollen and nectar from a variety of flowers. Bees need these resources for themselves and their progeny. Many bees need water in addition to nectar.
Bee nesting habits vary greatly. For example:
- Mason bees construct nests from mud.
- Leafcutter bees use a “wrapper” of leaves, resin and sand.
- Carder bees harvest plant fibers.
Most bees excavate their nest tunnels in sunny patches of bare ground, while others seek out abandoned beetle burrows in dead tree trunks or branches. The majority of bees are solitary, but a few, like sweat bees, bumblebees, and honeybees, are social, living in colonies that consist of a queen, her worker bee daughters and a few males, the drones.
The flowers that are visited by bees are typically:
- Full of nectar
- Brightly colored with petals that are usually blue or yellow or a mixture of these (bees cannot see red)
- Sweetly aromatic or have a minty fragrance
- Open in daytime
- Provide landing platforms
- Often bilaterally symmetrical (one side of the flower is a mirror image of the other)
- Flowers are often tubular with nectar at base of tube
An example of a bee-pollinated flower is a snapdragon or Penstemon (pictured right). Snapdragon flowers have sturdy, irregular shaped flowers with landing platform. Only bees of the right size and weight can trigger the flower to open. Other bee species or other insects that are too small or too large are excluded.